Do not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed. Rating Content; Positive: On Nov 30, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote: Sweet Birch, also called Cherry or Black Birch, grows native in the cool, mature woods, often near Eastern Hemlock, of southeast Pennsylvania and the rest of the Appalachian Region where the soil is … The Cherokee chewed the Black Birch leaves to treat diarrhea, the Delaware used the bark to create an elixir to purge the body, and the Iroquois used it to treat sore muscles. The oil, called 'oil of wintergreen', used to be produced commercially, but it is now manufactured synthetically[222]. Meyer-Hoffert U, Brasch J. Allergic contact dermatitis caused by betulin-containing triterpene extract from the outer bark of birch (Betula alba). North American birch is extracted from the fragrant inner bark and twigs of the tree. Interestingly, the wood was used to make pianos, when they were a necessary feature of every respectable home's parlor. The tree is also used to create a wine colored dye. Sweet birch (Betula lenta), also commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. It is from this connection that the alternative name Mahogany Birch was created. Medicinal Uses: This tree is used as a treatment for infections, rheumatism, various stomach conditions, fever, severe diarrhea, neuralgia, skin conditions such as boils, gonorrhea, lung ailments and gout. It is most commonly used to treat joint pain or arthritis in the form of a salve or lotion. Our organically crafted Birch Essential Oil, also known as Sweet Birch Oil, is steam distilled from the bark of the Betula lenta trees native to the eastern North America. Betula lenta uses Medicinal Use: In every form, birch makes an excellent tonic and detoxifier, mainly working on the urinary system to remove waste products, … Foliage is a reliable golden yellow and among the best of the birches. It is a larval host plant for the Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Birch essential oil is extracted through both the White Birch and the Silver Birch. To learn more about five common medicinal trees and shrubs, visit Juliet’s article here. The wintergreen produced from this plant is identical to wintergreen produced by the wintergreen plant. “ Birch” means : “ a tree whose bark is used for writing on”. Betula lenta pulp is used in various products such as box boards, book and newsprint, and corrugated paper. Russians have used birch leaves in steam baths since recorded history. 2003. Brew tea to purify the blood, eliminate kidney stones, and expel worms. Many moths also use as a host plant. With disinfectant, stimulant, antidepressant, detoxifying and astringent properties, the oil is commonly used for natural medicinal purposes. Proceedings XII World Forestry Congress, Quebec City, Canada. —Gently stimulant, diaphoretic, and astringent. Birch oil is the real source of ‘oil of wintergreen’ essential oil, used in chewing gum, breath mints and many quality medicinal products. It grows primarily on the mountains of the western part of the state. Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits 1. The odor of oil in cedar can be used as aromatic ingredient in soap liniment, and the oil itself can be used as cleaner, sterilizer.Industries today extract oil from boughs and leaves through steam distillation. Other benefits includes supporting kidney health, regulating hormone levels, promoting healthy scalp and acting as a … In decoction or syrup it forms an excellent tonic to restore the … Today wintergreen oil is produced chemically using wood alcohol and salicylate It is used in the treatment of rheumatism, bladder infections, neuralgia etc[222]. A tea made from the twigs is used in the treatment of fevers. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet. The inner bark gives off a wintergreen scent. Native Americans traditionally used the inner bark and resin to help wounds, sore throats, coughs, and to treat infectious diarrhea. It is also found on rocky soils; however, it is sensitive to compacted soil. Leaves turn a golden-yellow color in the fall. The wood is most often used for lumber, veneer, furniture, cabinets, wooden work, boxes, handles, and paper pulp. Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a. Betula lenta L. Sweet Birch. Blouin G. Medicinal use of forest trees and shrubs by indigenous people of northeastern North America. The resin also serves many medicinal purposes. View abstract. Birch tar oil, distilled from the wood and bark of Betula pendula Roth is used for eczema, psoriasis, and other skin diseases. It has a dark brown to greyish black color. Its seeds are eaten by birds. The hard, close grained lumber is used for furniture and interior trims. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Betula lenta is a medium-sized deciduous tree reaching 30 m (98 ft) tall, exceptionally to 35 metres (115 ft) with a trunk up to 60 cm (2.0 ft) diameter. Betulaceae -- Birch family. The leaves of the Sweet Birch are 2.5" to 6", broad, ovate with cordate base, single-toothed margins, alternate and simple. Betulaceae. It has a good use today. Sweet Birch essential oil has a history of use for sore and fatigued muscles. In the past, the people of the Appalachians cut large numbers of this tree to produce wintergreen oil. Due to these qualities, the wood has been used in the past as a mahogany substitute. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season. Betula lenta, or Sweet Birch, is a deciduous, pyramidal shaped tree, maturing into a more rounded shape that may grow 60 to 70 feet tall. Prevents Bacterial Infections Birch essential oil contains salicylic acid and methyl salicylate, two compounds that are known […] The birch cambium is cut into strips and boiled to create these edible Birch Noodles. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. The Black Birch tree's parts are used for a variety of products. The leaves can be chewed or used in an infusion in the treatment of dysentery[257]. Neil I. Lamson. The leading ingredient in wintergreen oil, methyl salicylate, is actually found in large quantities (30%) in Ben Gay, a modern topical ointment. Several species belonging to the genus Betula are widely used in traditional medicine. Betula lentaGaultheria procumbens It may seem strange to consider together two such different plants as the black or sweet birch, a towering tree growing to 60 feet, and the inconspicuous trailing wintergreen, or teaberry, often only two inches tall! The wood is most often used for lumber, veneer, furniture, cabinets, wooden work, boxes, handles, and paper pulp. It is a bitter - astringent tonic herb. The leading ingredient in wintergreen oil, methyl salicylate, is actually found in large quantities (30%) in Ben Gay, a modern topical ointment. Keep the tree consistently moist and consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. Sap has been used for syrup and brewed into beer; however, oil from the bark can be toxic. Throughout history, people have used parts of the Black Birch medicinally in a variety of ways. But there is a good reason.Birches, black birch among them, had several medicinal uses for native… Birch is a tree. 100 saplings and young trees were needed to produce only a quart of the oil. It is from this connection that the alternative name Mahogany Birch was created. It is most commonly used to treat joint pain or arthritis in the form of a salve or lotion. Also commonly referred to as Black Birch or Cherry Birch, this versatile-minty essential oil has a captivating medicinal yet refreshing wintergreen aroma that's very invigorating. Contact Dermatitis. The twigs are also used for brooms and thatchings. Oil from bark used for anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties to treat rheumatism, gout, and bladder infection. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Betula lenta / Black Birch quantity Add to cart SKU: N/A Category: Latin Name A - D Tags: all native plants , deer resistant , edible , medicinal , moisture - average/mesic , moisture - dry , part sun to part shade , shade garden , sun , tea , tree Heights of 50 feet (15 m) to 80 feet (24 m) are more typical. Due to these qualities, the wood has been used in the past as a mahogany substitute. The branches of a young Black Birch tree (Lewis-Slammon, 2014). Holy basil is highly aromatic and antimicrobial; its leaves and flowers are used as a medicinal tea for colds, coughs, asthma, bronchitis, sinusitis, headaches, arthritis, diabetes, stress, and anxiety. The leaves can be chewed or used in an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. This plants' seed is a nutlet. The following trees are among my favorite woodland medicinals: Black birch (Betula lenta, Betulaceae) Black walnut (Juglans nigra, Juglandaceae) Hawthorn (Crataegus spp., Rosaceae) Mulberry (Morus spp., Moraceae) Pine (Pinus spp., Pinaceae) Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage. The essential oil, distilled from the bark, has been used for gout, inflammation, muscle and joint aches, and pain. 2013;68(6):382-3. The oil, called "oil of wintergreen", used to be produced commercially, but it is now manufactured synthetically. Specifically, it is mainly used in conditions such as: The birch cambium is cut into strips and boiled to create these edible Birch Noodles. During summer, 1 to 1.5-inch oblong, erect cones ripen and break apart, exposing the 2 very small, winged nutlets. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: Birches can become stressed by summer heat and humidity. Native Americans use cedar for medicinal uses much more completely than us. In each and every form, the herb acts as an excellent tonic and a detoxifier. Western medicine has also found uses for wintergreen oil. It is valued for its wood, which when exposed to air darkens to resemble mahogany, as well as being a source of wintergreen oil. One of the oddest products that comes from Black Birch trees are the “noodles”. Betula pendula, B. pubescens, B. lenta Birch has a multitude of historical uses but is less familiar for its undoubted medicinal properties. Betula lenta, known by the common names of black birch, sweet birch, or cherry birch, is a native birch species present throughout much of eastern North America. The tree is also known as the Giving Tree , for its sap, leaves, bark, shoots, twigs and buds, all the parts can be put to use for medicinal purposes. Interestingly, the wood was used to make pianos, when they were a necessary feature of every respectable home's parlor. Extraction Method: Steam distillation from the bark of the birch tree Aroma: Pine, Camphoraceous, Sweet Origin: Canada. Betula lenta. Dark, shiny, tight bark with horizontal lenticels. In the past, the people of the Appalachians cut large numbers of this tree to produce wintergreen oil. N.C. Crushed twigs smell like wintergreen. Its w. ood is hard, heavy, and close-grained. This Omeka collection is hosted by The Center for Teaching and Learning at the University of Vermont. Watch for leaf spot problems. 11 Amazing Health Benefits of Birch Essential Oil. Bark tea used for fevers, stomachache, and lung ailments. You may see Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) which has one flight from June-July, Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) with one brood April-July and rarely a second in the south, and Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) which has three flights from February-November in the south and two flights May-September in the north. (Betula pendula Roth) Used externally, birch has soothing, antiseptic, healing, hair-tonifying and antiperspirant properties. It is used in the treatment of rheumatism, bladder infections, neuralgia etc. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The Sweet Birch has small green flowers that are tinged with red and mature in early spring. Used in cosmetic shampoos (List and Horhammer, 1969–1979), and in the sugar industry for flavoring and in perfumery. The tree sap is used as a tonic for skin, muscle and joint issues. One of the oddest products that comes from Black Birch trees are the “noodles”. There is convincing evidence in experimental animal models in support of their anti-carcinogenic effects. The Medicinal Herb Info site was created to help educate visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses. Scientific Name: Betula lenta. Marles RJ, Clavelle C, Monteleone L, Tays N, Burns D. Aboriginal plant use in Canada's northwest boreal forest. Vancouver: UBC Press; 2000. Its wood is hard, heavy, and close-grained. Characteristics and habitat. Birches are considered a "pioneer" species and, thus, tends to grow quickly when young. In fact, it has been used to treat everything from cancers to warts. ... (Betula lenta) bark, and a touch of cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) and add it to sparkly water to make a homemade root beer soda. Therapeutic birch essential oil ( Betula lenta) can be sourced from the U.S.A or Canada in an indigenous, wild-crafted state. This plant is used in the production of wintergreen oil. Betula platyphylla and Betula pendula have specifically been found to be potentially useful in the treatment of degenerative joint disease. Aphids, canker, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may occur. Native to eastern North America, it is commonly found in forests of both low and high elevation as far south as the mountains of Georgia, but, except for a few cool spots, it is rare in the Piedmont of North Carolina. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. 100 saplings and young trees were needed to produce only a quart of the oil. A tea made from the twigs is used in the treatment of fevers[222]. Brew tea to purify the blood, eliminate kidney stones, and expel worms. Sweet Birches are best grown in moist, acidic, sandy, or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade and are often found in woodlands, preferring north-facing slopes and moist soils. Used in warm infusion wherever a stimulating diaphoretic is required; also in diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera infantum, etc. ← Natural and Cultural History of the Black Birch, Natural and Cultural History of the Black Birch. Betula lenta L. Show All Show Tabs sweet birch General Information; Symbol: BELE Group: Dicot Family: Betulaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: CAN N L48 N: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. In younger trees the bark is characteristic of most birches, with smooth bark and distinct horizontal lenticels. Birch Essential Oil benefits includes acting as a detoxifier, improving blood circulation, fighting infection, maintaining oral health, relieving migraine and headaches, supporting respiratory health and fighting bacterias. Historically, B. lenta was harvested to produce wintergreen oil (methyl salicylate) that was distilled from it. Betula alleghaniensis: bark yellow to silver, exfoliating, and leaf blades coarsely and often irregularly serrate with fewer than 6 teeth per cm (vs. B. lenta, with bark brown, not exfoliating, and leaf blades finely and regularly serrate with usually more than 6 teeth per cm). Uses (Ethnobotany): This plant is used in the production of wintergreen oil. In fact, it has been used to treat everything from cancers to warts. The flower on the Sweet birch has 3" to 4" male catkins. Birch sap, birch water or birch juice is the sap directly tapped from birch trees, Betula alba (white birch), Betula pendula (silver birch), Betula lenta, Betula papyrifera, and Betula fontinalis.. Birch sap may be consumed both fresh and naturally fermented.When fresh, it is a clear and uncoloured liquid, often slightly sweet with a slightly silky texture. The tree is also used to create a wine colored dye. The Black Birch tree's parts are used for a variety of products. highly deer resistant; Fire in the landscape. The bark of young trees is smooth, breaking into small chip-like plates as it ages. Cherokee Indians used the inner bark to make a green tea infusion as a sedative to calm nerves. The twigs are also used for brooms and thatchings. It is used as a treatment for ailment such as infections, rheumatism, stomach conditions, fever, severe diarrhea, neuralgia, skin conditions such as boils, gonorrhea, lung ailments and gout. This makes it an excellent ally in the treatment and cure of many skin abnormalities. The best foliage color occurs in full sun.
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