Sarg. to exist in the county by Exact status definitions can vary from state to The Plants Database includes the following 20 species of Celtis . 1). It typically lives to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between 20 and 40 years of age. Insect injury occasionally causes premature leaf drop, but trees are not seriously damaged. Learn more about the trees you love! Powdery mildew and leaf spot may occur. the state. Please ask for permission before using my photographs. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Hackberry: tree to 60ft; alternate serrated leaves to 5 inches long, asymmetrical and 3-veined at the base; male and female flowers on the same tree Celtis occidentalis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. How often have you used Hackberry Nipple Galls produced by the gnat-like psyllid, Pachypsylla celtidismamma, to make a slam-dunk identification of common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)? It has a straight central trunk and an ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape once mature. All Characteristics, the plant is a shrub (i.e., a woody plant with several stems growing from the base), the inflorescence has only one flower on it, the inflorescence is a fascicle (compact cluster of flowers), the inflorescence is a monochasial cyme (an axis with a terminal flower, below it a branch with a terminal flower, this branch may itself have a branch and so on), The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is triangular, with the stalk or attachment point on one of the sides, the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture). Common Hackberry1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION The tree forms a rounded vase reaching a height of 40 to 80 feet, is a rapid grower, and transplants easily (Fig. The tree isn't generally damaged by the galls, but they are unsightly. They are broad crowned and often have an erratic shape. Be honest. Hackberry is a member of the elm family, but is a different genus. Description and Identification of Hackberry . those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). The Hackberry tree (Celtis occidentalis) is one of the most unique trees native to North America, but you may not have heard of the Hackberry tree because it goes by many different names.If you would like to know everything that can be known about this tree you have come to the right place. Psyllids over winter as adults in bark cracks and crevices. There is little difference between sapwood and heartwood which is yellowish grey to light brown with yellow streaks. After mating in spring, females lay eggs on new growth. The most distinguishing identification feature is the bark. The application of that name to Celtis occidentalis was possibly a result of the early colonists confusion with regard to the small cherry-like appearance of its fruit (Peattie, 1953, 1966). Celtis occidentalis, commonly called common hackberry, is a medium to large sized deciduous tree that typically grows 40-60 (less frequently to 100) tall with upright-arching branching and a rounded spreading crown. As the summer progresses, the leaves are likely to be covered with nipple galls. Latin name: Celtis occidentalis. 1.  The Go Botany project is supported Floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forests, meadows and fields, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. unintentionally); has become naturalized. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, tolerates dryness. Ohio State University - Celtis occidentalis L. var. Leaves are alternate, simple, with one side longer or wider than the other, sharply toothed, 2–4 inches long, with 3 main veins emerging from the base, tip sharply pointed, base uneven. Plant form of common hackberry. Be sure to look at my page for Celtis laevigata - Sugarberry which Can you please help us? Accessed: 09-Oct-10. is shown on the map. (Wetland indicator code: Hackberries are native to the flood plains of the eastern United States. Uses: Low grade lumber General Natural Range: North Dakota south to Oklahoma with isolated populations in Alabama. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14" to 60" of annual rainfall. USDA, NRCS. This tree is a member of the Cannabis (marijuana) family. ... Celtis occidentalis common hackberry Celtis palauensis Palau hackberry Celtis … Witches broom. Hackberry (C. occidentalis) is a large native tree found commonly on river terraces and floodplains in southern and central Minnesota.It is related to the American elm and after the arrival of Dutch elm disease in Minnesota, hackberry often replaced American elms both in native forests and in planted landscapes. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. cturtletrax/Getty Images. Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry. The first photo on left shows leaves in mid May. The fruit they produce in copious amounts is bar none excellent wildlife feed. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for C. occidentalis L. var. That page does include photographs of fruit. Note: when native and non-native Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis is mostly associated with moist soils along streams in Wisconsin, north at least to the Peshtigo River in southern Marinette County, but uncommon or absent over the far northern counties. The name hackberry originated from the Scottish "hagberry" which in England was the common name bird cherry. Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis Best Single Characteristic for Identification: Ulmiform parenchyma arrangement and several rows of large earlywood pores. The fruit of the hackberry is a small berry that ripens in September or October. 1 January 2009). This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Height 40' to 75', diameter 10" to 36"; limbs often crooked and angular; tree head made up of slender, hanging branches or short, bristly, stubby twigs when growing in the forest; in the open, crown is generally symmetrical. Copyright: various copyright holders. The tiny, yellowish nymphs rapidly become enveloped by gall tissue and are rarely seen. Scales of various types may be found on Hackberry. Over 2 dozen species of birds eat the ripe, black berries (drupes), including pheasants, wild turkeys, cedar waxwings, yellow-bellied sapsucker, and bobwhite. Common name: Hackberry. Celtis laevigata can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Vernacular names [ edit ] canina (Raf.) Black fruit are produced on the ends of long, drooping pedicels in late summer. Your help is appreciated. Also covers In September, large numbers of adults emerge from galls and collect around doors and windows. Tree Identification. It is a large deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity. County documented: documented is closely related to the Hackberry. • Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Hackberry nipple gall is common and while it disfigures the leaves it does not hurt these trees. East to Central New England. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Celtis occidentalis The simple, toothed leaves of common hackberry have unequal, lopsided bases, and are rough on the upper surface, smooth below. Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America. Common Name: hackberry Scientific Name: Family: Cannabaceae Genus: Celtis Species: occidentalis Hardiness Zone: 2 to 9 Height: 40 to 60 ft Width: 40 to 60 ft Description: Hackberry trees are widely used in the urban environment of Minnesota.They have a tolerance for most urban conditions and thrive where others will not survive. Common names are from state and federal lists. I did see some fruit on trees on December 30, 2008, but was so involved in taking photos of the flooding that I neglected to photograph the berries. Magnifica. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. (intentionally or The bark of the hackberry has corky projections and is often called "warty". Facts. Found this plant? Show pumila (Pursh) Gray common hackberry Celtis occidentalis. Secondary Names: northern hackberry Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A medium to large tree, becoming 60 to 100 feet or more tall and 2 feet or more in diameter, with a round or oval crown and … These are homes of small insects, named Hackberry psyllids. It is also found on thin soils over limestone, including on the Niagara escarpment in Brown and Calumet Counties and probably elsewhere. Discover thousands of New England plants. Hackberry Celtis occidentalis The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14 to 60" of annual rainfall.
2020 celtis occidentalis identification