It is difficult to control as the seeds can germinate when conditions are favorable in a variety of habitats. In fact, the lower leaves of the plants can grow on stalks that are as tall as two feet. Similar Images . The foliage can be lightly sheared back and shaped after flowering. Overall leaf shape is more or less polygonal but also deeply palmately lobed; leaf size ranges from 5 to 15 mm in diameter; lobes per leaf number from 3 to 7 with 5 being most common; leaf lobes are narrowed (cuneate) basally and become wider toward their segmented or toothed extremities. This perennial spreads happily but not aggressively in medium, well-drained soil. The 1¼” wide pink to magenta flowers are delicately colored and veined. Add to Likebox #143767124 - Herb-Robert or Red robin, Geranium robertianum growing in … Cut back after flowering to encourage a second flush of blooms. Though this name seems curious, it actually refers to the shape of the seed pod, not the flower. United States, IA, Muscatine Co., Muscatine, Wild Cat Den State Park. Geranium has long served as the type genus of Geraniaceae. Mulching annually with leaf mould or well-rotted compost or horse manure will keep plants growing well for several years. 5 out of 5 stars (990) 990 reviews $ 24.27. English common names like Cranesbill and Storksbill for relatives of Wild Geranium similarly refer to their elongate fruiting-stage styles. Discover the beauty of a native geranium. Wild geranium is native to Eastern North America, growing from Southern Ontario to Georgia and west to eastern Oklahoma and the Dakotas. Wild geranium is a great choice for planting in beds beneath trees. Medicinal qualities can be attributed to presence of gallic acid and tannins that provide astringent and bacteriostatic effects. Wild geraniums can be an ideal way to add pops of light pink or lavender to your garden. Embrace cool season color with the velvet-petaled Martha Washington Geranium, an old-fashioned favorite that’s tough to beat. Plants usually grow about 18 to 24 inches tall and 12 to 18 inches wide. Wild geranium is in the Geraniaceae (Geranium) family. It brings carefree color and versatility to any landscape. Try your hand at making geranium oil using scented geranium leaves. Most often blooms unfurl in shades of lilac or pink, but occasionally you’ll see a plant with dark purple or even white blossoms. Petiole length decreases with leaf position; basal leaf petioles range up to 12 cm long whereas leaves below flowering peduncles are nearly sessile; leaf blades of basal and stem leaves, however, are similar. Similar Images . About a month after blooming, seed capsules appear, which give rise to the common name cranesbill geranium. Whatever you call it, this native wildflower brings beauty to any landscape. Geranium maculatum, the wild geranium, spotted geranium, or wood geranium, is a perennial plant native to woodland in eastern North America, from southern Manitoba and southwestern Quebec south to Alabama and Georgia and west to Oklahoma and South Dakota. The leaf shapes may be rounded, lacy or serrated. Wild Geranium flowers are visited by diverse native bees, including Adrena distans, a dedicated, specialist, pollinator. Wild geranium is a terrific plant for beckoning pollinators, including native bees, syrphid flies, bumblebees and honeybees. Choose other wildflowers to grow with wild geranium. In its native habitat, you’ll find wild geranium in woodlands and shady roadsides. Flowers appear in loose clusters above the deep green lobed leaves and face upward as they open. Wild Geranium Geranium maculatum Geranium family (Geraniaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is 1-2½' tall, consisting of a loose cluster of basal leaves and flowering stems that develop directly from the creeping rootstock. Join the party! This perennial spreads happily but not aggressively in medium, well-drained soil. pelargonii) Round water-soaked spots become tan to brown sunken spots, 1/8 to ¼ inch in diameter; Leaf spots grow into water-soaked, brown, V-shaped lesions with a yellow border. Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds. It’s tough to beat wild spotted geranium for shady to full sun color. To see and learn more about interesting species of plants native to Virginia, visit and contact your local chapter of VNPS ( for times and dates of programs and wildflower walks in your area. The petals have darker colored lines that act as nectar guides for pollinating insects. You’ll get the best flowering when you give wild geranium a spot with more sun and ample water. How to Make A Geranium Compress: Pour boiling water over the dried geranium herbs. Seeds may be sown outdoors as soon as they are collected or in seed flats for controlled cold stratification. They are found worldwide. Aerial stems attain heights of 2 to 7 dm; stem hairiness ranges from a few scattered trichomes to densely pubescent. Wild Geranium favors upland forests and well-drained portions of floodplain forests. Wild geranium grows 1 1/2 to 2 feet high with lower leaves and flowering stems growing directing from creeping rhizomes. Cultivated plants benefit from supplemental water in dry spells, without which aerial stems may senesce and die to the ground. There are 2-10 flowers per plant, with 5 lavender petals per flower. Whole plant, but especially the root, is antiseptic, highly astringent, diuretic, styptic and tonic. More on growing hardy geraniums: Welcome the classic geranium to your garden. We’ll help you get started. Flowers appear on wild geranium plants in late spring to early summer, over a period of six to seven weeks. It’s tough to beat this annual’s flower power. The wild geranium blooms in spring, with flowers are 1-2″ across and 2-3 stem leaves (flower growing leaves) per plant. Colonizing ground covers produce underground stems that spread out horizontally and shallowly, produce roots and then send up new shoots. Geranium “Elke.” Dark pink and white centers, these geraniums bloom from late … Forms a mound of foliage that grows to 24" tall and 18" wide. Ever since I discovered these aromatic plants, which are not geraniums at all but, Pelargoniums, (See: Scents and Sensibility: The Scented Geranium is Spring’s Must-Have Plant), I’ve become completely obsessed.. My favorite use for my growing collection of … The Black Snakeroots have alternate, palmately compound stem leaves where Wild Geranium stem leaves are opposite and palmately lobed. Give wild geranium soil with plenty of organic matter, much like you’d find in a woodland, where soil is humusy and rich with fallen, composting leaves. Cranesbill and Storksbill are two common names for Wild Geranium describing this likeness. The palmately cleft leaves are broadly … Good companions include variegated solomon’s seal, ferns, celandine poppy, shooting star, trillium, columbine and woodland phlox. Leaves are crowded basally, but well separated and opposite on flowering stems. The seed capsule has a long central piece attached to a base. Originally listed as a Class A noxious weed in 2009, it was reclassified to a Class B noxious weed in 2015. Bacterial Leaf Blight Xanthomonas hortorum pv. Some plants produce bisexual flowers; others produce pistillate flowers only. Hardy geraniums die back in autumn and regrow in spring. Gardeners should not collect Wild Geranium in the wild and should be certain that all native plants purchased for home gardens have been nursery-propagated, not wild-collected. The preference is for light shade to partial sunlight, moist to slightly dry conditions, and rich loamy soil with abundant organic matter. Geranium maculatum is a clump-forming, Missouri native, woodland perennial which typically occurs in woods, thickets and shaded roadside areas throughout the State. Shiny geranium is a Class B Noxious Weed in Washington State due to its limited distribution in parts of the state and the potential for significant impact to state resources should it spread to uninfested areas. In Greek, the word geranium actually means crane. When not flowering, Wild Geranium leaves may be mistaken for Canada Anemone ( Anemone canadensis) or possibly one of the Black Snakeroots ( Sanicula spp.). They are mildly toxic due to several components found throughout the plant. Propagation can be accomplished by division and by seed. View or download the Wild Geranium Brochure, Text by W. John Hayden, VNPS Botany Chair Wild geranium is a great choice for planting in beds beneath trees. Plants emerge from stout, shallow, rhizomes bearing knobby leaf scars and thin roots. Wild geranium combines well with many shade-loving ephemerals and perennials. This plant has few pests, although aphids and slugs may infest plants and rust and leaf spot may occur. Inflorescences are cymes bearing a few radially symmetrical 5-merous flowers. Give your garden a dose of steady, season-long color with Rozanne, a perennial geranium with staying power. Geranium maculatum is widespread in eastern North America from Maine to Minnesota and is widespread in eastern south to Georgia and Arkansas; it is uncommon to absent in the Atlantic or Gulf coastal plain regions of coastal states from Virginia to Mississippi. Nevertheless, like so much of the natural world, individual  populations are subject to the habitat destruction characteristic of the ever-expanding human footprint. Geranium is a genus of 422 species of annual, biennial, and perennial plants that are commonly known as geraniums or cranesbills.They are found throughout the temperate regions of the world and the mountains of the tropics, but mostly in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region.. Deeply lobed and rounded, grayish-green leaves (4-8" long) have 5-7 lobes, with each lobe having 3 to 5 notches at the tip. When present in the Coastal Plain, it is usually found on calcareous soils. Pelargonium species belong the Geraniaceae family. Leaves turn pretty hues of red and orange in fall. © 2020 Discovery or its subsidiaries and affiliates. Privacy Policy. The flowering window lengthens when temperatures stay on the cool side. Count on ivy geraniums with their trailing stems and pretty blooms to lift garden color to new heights. Scented-leaf geraniums (Pelargonium domesticum) are prized for their abundantly fragrant foliage and only produce small blooms in comparison to other types. If not, plants tend to go dormant. Features 1 1/4" diameter, pink to lilac, saucer-shaped, upward … In the home garden, it thrives in full sun to part shade. in diameter. Native Americans used Wild Geranium to treat a variety of disorders and commercial preparations of the plant, usually derived from roots and/or rhizomes, are available today as herbal or alternative medicines. The ovaries are 5-lobed, topped with columnar styles that are 2 to 3 mm long at flowering stage; stigmas bear 5 star-like branches. In Virginia, Geranium maculatum is especially common in the mountains and piedmont. Pen-and-ink illustrations by Nicky Staunton Grow hardy geraniums in moist but well-drained soil in sun or shade. Noteworthy Characteristics. Too much sun and not enough water leads to yellow leaves that drop prematurely. Commonly, it has a host of colloquial names, including cranesbill or cranesbill geranium, alum root, wild cranesbill, spotted geranium and wood geranium. Get our best gardening advice and outdoor ideas delivered straight to your inbox. Plants may be found in flower from April to June. All rights reserved. Root and rhizome preparations have been taken internally to treat gastrointestinal distress, applied topically as an eyewash, or as an ingredient in compression dressings for wounds. Wild geranium's most ornamental feature is the five-petaled flowers in spring or early summer that are white, blue, violet, lavender or any shade of pink. They rise on a sturdy stem above attractively textured palmate leaves. Publi… Geranium > Leaves > Blotches or spots on leaves. Read on to learn more about the most common geranium problems and the best methods of treating a sick geranium plant. pelargonii (syn. The seed capsules split into 5 long and curled “peals” to release seeds. This Geranium may even rebloom in late summer or fall if the plant is cut back after the first flush of blooms. Discover some facts about these popular plants and tips for growing them. Hardy in Zones 3 to 8, Geranium maculatum is a tough plant and adapts to various growing conditions. X. campestris pv. 2002. It naturalizes readily when it’s happy, but it’s not invasive. 1 of 6. These plants are native to tropical and warm temperate regions, especially Southern Africa, so the leaves will die quickly at the first hard frost. The 5 petals are rose-purple, rarely white, about 12 to 20 mm long and 10 mm wide, larger petal dimensions are found in bisexual flowers, smaller in pistillate flowers. Plants are hardy in Zones 5 to 9. The blossoms arise from a foliage of deeply-lobed leaves … How to Make a Geranium Oil Infusion: #133428666 - It is the seed of Wild Geranium cut in half, vintage line drawing.. Vector. © 2020 Virginia Native Plant Society | Conserving Wild Flowers and Wild Places. Germination may be erratic; some seeds may not sprout until after a second winter or cold treatment. Tall, with finely cut leaves forming a dramatic mound, Geranium pratense (Meadow Cranesbill) is a clump-forming perennial with abundant clusters of large, saucer-shaped, blue or violet flowers from late spring to mid-summer. The Virginia Native Plant Society makes no endorsement of the traditional medicinal uses of Wild Geranium. This family contains about 650 species worldwide that range from small weedy herbs to succulent shrubs. The whole thing resembles a crane head with its long beak. Add to Likebox #143560738 - Herb-Robert or Red robin, Geranium robertianum growing in Galicia,.. With a little help, these wild California beauties can run free in the garden. 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